Publication Detail

Citation : Munger AM, Chow DC, Playford MP, Parikh NI, Gangcuangco LM, Nakamoto BK, Kallianpur KJ, Ndhlovu LC, Shikuma CM, Mehta NN. (2015)
Characterization of lipid composition and high-density lipoprotein function in HIV-infected individuals on stable antiretroviral regimens.
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 31(2):221-8.
Abstract : There is an increase in the cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity in individuals infected with HIV that may be due to inflammatory lipid modulation not captured by traditional lipid measures. The objective of this study was to perform advanced lipoprotein phenotyping inclusive of the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol efflux capacity and lipoprotein particle concentration and size in a well-phenotyped group of 118 patients infected with HIV. We used simple and multivariable analyses to determine the associations between advanced lipoprotein parameters and known cardiometabolic risk factors. Participants were on stable antiretroviral therapy (ART) and had benign traditional lipid panels [median total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-C, HDL-C, and triglycerides of 178â??mg/dl, 108â??mg/dl, 44â??mg/dl, and 122.5â??mg/dl, respectively]. However, advanced lipoprotein phenotyping demonstrated an elevation of LDL particle number (median of 1,233â??nmol/liter) and a decrease in LDL size (median of 20.4â??nm), along with a decrease in protective, large HDL particles (median of 3.15â??�¼mol/liter) and reduced HDL cholesterol efflux capacity in comparison to controls of other studies. HDL cholesterol efflux capacity was associated with HDL levels (�²=0.395, p<0.001), small LDL particle concentration (�²=-0.198, p=0.031), insulin sensitivity by the Matsuda index (�²=0.218, p=0.029), and the Framingham Risk Score (�²=-0.184, p=0.046). We demonstrate an atherogenic lipoprotein profile by NMR spectroscopy and HDL efflux measurement in a group of HIV-infected patients on stable ART with normal lipid panels.
URL Link : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25416403
PMID : 25416403
PMCID : PMC4313425
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