Publication Detail

Citation : Umaki TM, Gangcuangco LM, Chow DC, Nakamoto BK, Marotz L, Kallianpur KJ, Shikuma CM. (2013)
Poorer neuropsychological performance increases risk for social services among HIV-infected individuals.
Hawaii J Med Public Health 72(12):422-6.
Abstract : HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND) is a prevalent condition among persons with HIV resulting in cognitive impairments that may impact daily functioning. The relationship between neuropsychological (NP) test performance and functional status was investigated based on social services received (SSR) among 285 HIV-infected and 242 HIV-negative participants enrolled in the Hawai'i Aging with HIV Cohort. HIV-infected participants scored significantly lower than the HIV-negative group on all measures of NP testing and also reported receiving SSR at a higher rate. Among HIV-infected participants, more SSR correlated with poorer overall global NP performance (Ã?? = -0.25, P < .001), as well as poorer performance in NP domains assessing psychomotor speed (Ã?? = -0.25, P < .001), and learning and memory (Ã?? = -0.19, P = .02). NP test performance did not correlate with the number of SSR among HIV-negative participants. Supplemental Security Income (SSI) was the most commonly utilized social service among HIV-infected. Receiving SSI was associated on multivariate analysis with poorer NP performance independent of lack of full time work, or nadir CD4 count. Poorer NP performance among HIV-infected individuals is associated with increased risk for social services. Interventions to address causes of cognitive dysfunction in this population may decrease demand for social services.
URL Link : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24377076
PMID : 24377076
PMCID : PMC3872919
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